The musculoskeletal system allows your horse to move around in their environment. The anatomical design of the bones and muscles of the horse reflect the unique needs of the species.

  • Intricate system of strong, light-weight tendons in the limbs to allow fast movement of the horse’s large body
  • Sophisticated hoof design to absorb the pressures caused by the weight of the horse while moving
  • Stay apparatus , a sophisticated network of muscles and tendons of the front and hind limbs, allows the horse to stand for long periods of time with minimal effort. The ability to rest while standing allows the horse to escape faster if a predator arrives unexpected.

Abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system include injuries (acute or chronic) and/or conformation problems.

  • Conformation abnormalities

Congenital: Angular limb deformities, Clubfoot

Acquired: Knock knees, Bow legged, Cow-hocked; Upward fixation of the patella

  • Degenerative conditions

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD)/Osteochondrosis: Shoulder; Stifle; Hock

Osteoarthritis develops in overly stressed joints over time. Bucked shins. Splints. Bone Spavin.

Patellar chondromalacia

  • Fractures

Forelimb: Humerus; Radius/Ulna; Carpus; Metacarpals; Splint bones; Sesamoid; First phalanx; Second Phalanx; Third Phalanx; Navicular bone

Hindlimb: Femur; Patella; Tibia; Tarsus, Calcaneus; Metatarsals; Splint bones; Sesamoid; First phalanx; Second Phalanx; Third Phalanx; Navicular bone

SpineCervical; Thoracolumbar; Sacrum; Coccyx

  • Hoof problems

Corns, Cracks, Quittor, Sheared heels, Sidebone

Laminitis (Founder)

Sole abscess, bruise

  • Infectious diseases : viral, bacterial, Rickettsial; septic arthritis; osteomyelitis
  • Metabolic and nutritional disorders predispose to injury
  • Soft tissue (muscle and/or tendon) injuries and inflammatory conditions

ForelimbBicipital bursitis, Sweeney, Superior check ligament strain, Bucked shins, Suspensory Ligament Desmitis/Rupture, Inferior Check Ligament Desmitis, Bowed tendons, Sesamoiditis, Chronic proliferative synovitis, Osselets, Ringbone, Pedal osteitis, Buttress foot, Navicular syndrome/disease

HindlimbHip dislocation; Round ligament rupture; Whorlbone lameness (Trochanteric bursitis); Myopathy: fibrotic and ossifying; Meniscal Tears (stifle); Peroneus Tertius Rupture; Thoroughpin (DDF tenosynovitis), Curb (Tarsal Plantar Desmitis); Cunean Bursitis; Bog Spavin; Stringhalt; Capped hock; Hock dislocation

SpineSacroiliac dislocation

Myositis: bacterial, viral

Exertional Rhabdomyolysis (Monday Morning Sickness)

  • Cancer

Surgical intervention may be needed in some cases of musculoskeletal disease. Recovery from musculoskeletal disease or injury requires a combination of pain management, farrier work, exercise restriction, rehabilitatitive care, and nutritional evaluation.

Contact Us
4384 Pelzer Hwy
Easley, SC 29642
Phone: 864-859-5033

In case of emergency...
Please call 864-859-5033

Location Hours
Monday8:30am – 5:00pm
Tuesday8:30am – 5:00pm
Wednesday8:30am – 5:00pm
Thursday9:00am – 2:00pm
Friday8:30am – 5:00pm

Note: We are closed from 12pm-2pm on Wednesdays. All after-hours calls are referred to Upstate Vet Emergency & Specialty Care at 393 Woods Lake Road Greenville, SC 29607 Phone: (864) 233-7650 Fax: (864) 233-7631 SPECIALTY HOURS Monday – Friday 8:00 am – 5:30 pm GREENVILLE AFTER HOURS EMERGENCY CARE Monday – Thursday 6:00 pm – 8:00 am Friday 6:00 pm – Monday 8:00 am